How does the brain work? Can we help our brain to remember information or get rid of unnecessary things?
Is it possible to reach an agreement with the brain, or at least understand its rules of the game? And although there are more questions than answers, nevertheless such methods exist. All neuroscientists, neuro-linguists, and neurophysiologists came to conclusion, that
we belong to the brain, not the brain belongs to us.
It is mentioned in their lectures by Chernigovskaya, Anokhin, and Behterev
The outcome is: the brain is lazy, selective, and it is a skilled trickster. It fills us with false memories, changes the image of the past, plunges into a state of deja vu. The mind is one of the functions of the brain, and by its example, you can see how ambiguous its character is.
How does the brain remember information?
It turns out that our brain is emotional and curious. If you surprise it (that is, how you should surprise yourself), then the brain, so is it, will remember this information. But a game according to the Stanislavsky system will not work, the surprise should be real. If the data itself struck you —
«How! Escaping from enemies, the sea cucumber throws out its entrails!» — this fact will most likely be remembered. Or try to give the information an emotional tone: «What a nasty thing — spitting out your intestines!»
The emotionally colored event, the brain remembers better.
The brain needs to be convinced that you need this information. And you have to repeat this more than once.
You: “I need it!”
Brain: “It is not necessary!”
You: “It is necessary!”
Brain: “Maybe not?”
The most stubborn wins. For those who need to remember when the Kuchuk-Kainardzhiysky peace treaty was concluded, the Ebbinghaus scheme suits best. Repeat immediately after reading, then repeat after 20 minutes, then after 8 hours, and finally after 24 hours. If these dates need to be carried through life, then you will have to repeat another two weeks later and two months later.
In an unequal struggle with the brain, we collect all six senses and use them for memorization: vision, hearing, touch, taste, smell. The more we can connect, the higher is the chance that the brain will remember something. If you are visual, it will still be useful to read out loud and write an abstract. Ideally, it looks like this: you listen to a lecture, write a summary, eat a cinnamon roll, a sandalwood stick smokes nearby, and you stroke a fluffy cat (with your foot).
After such a massive attack, leave the brain alone – go to bed. This time is necessary to transfer information from short-term memory to long-term memory. Neurobiologists and ancient wisdom have same opinion about it. But if you plan to take the exam and forget everything faster, then going to bed is optional.
The brain is a healthy lifestyle fan. It wants us to run, walk, or at least squat because physical activity stimulates the birth of new neurons, which are responsible for immediate memorization. You can grow your new neurons every night by jogging, you can move away from the desktop and do a couple of squats, but employees of the University of Edinburgh suggest that they improve the memorization of the material by physical exercises performed 4 hours after training.
How does the brain erase information?
If you do not use the information, the brain deletes it.
If you urgently receive new information, the old one is deleted.
But in some cases, erasing information is not bad. You change the event at the time you extract the data. A successful version of the event replaces bad experience (driving, dating, speaking). But in this case, there are successful experiments, for example, with the US military, who took part in Desert Storm Operation. While they were “extracting” the memories, they took spesial medicine that did not give information to “overwrite,” and the event was erased from memory.
The brain does not have a particular room with memories, so each time, reconstructing any event, it slightly modifies it. In science, this process is called “reconsolidation.” In one of the experiments conducted by the British scientist F. Bartlett, a student drew the ancient Egyptian letter M from memory, and as a result, a year later, the letter turned into a cat figure. It happened because every time the brain, referring to the last reconstruction of the memory, enriches it with new experience and a modern context. It suggests that our mind is original and creative.
Memories do not fade and do not erase. We lose access to them. Perhaps, a way to restore it will be found soon: the experiments conducted at the Laboratory of Neurobiology of Memory under the direction of K.V. Anokhin speak about this. Chickens after specific manipulations restored experience. And although things are a little more complicated with people, memory is worth fighting for, because it is it what makes us who we are.
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